Ethical Leadership: A Multifoci Social Exchange Perspective



In this conceptual paper, I advocate a multifoci social exchange perspective on ethical leadership for the first time. I propose that social exchange relationships form between ethical leaders at organizational and supervisory levels and that these relationships, especially under certain circumstances (person and contextual factors), impact a broad range of important subordinate attitudinal and behavioral outcomes, including many that are unrelated to ethics but highly beneficial for organizations. Summarizing these propositions into a single conceptual model, I present a comprehensive multifoci social exchange model of ethical leadership and briefly discuss the theoretical and potential practical implications of this model.

How to Cite
HANSEN, S. DUANE. Ethical Leadership: A Multifoci Social Exchange Perspective. The Journal of Business Inquiry, [S.l.], v. 10, n. 1, p. 41-55, july 2011. ISSN 2155-4072. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 21 jan. 2022.