Performance Efficiency Evaluation of U.S. Credit Unions Around the 2009 Global Recession: A Data Envelopment Analysis Approach
Keywords:Credit Union, Data Envelopment Analysis, Recession, Performance Efficiency
This paper examines the impact of the latest economic recession on performance efficiency of U.S. credit unions using Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA), a non-parametric method. We find that larger credit unions and credit unions with lower loss loan provisions tend to have higher efficiency. Our results reveal that, compared to the pre-recession period, the recession and the post-recession periods affected the efficiency of Federal Credit Unions (FCUs) and Federally Insured State-Chartered Credit Unions (FISCUs) differently. FISCUs have significantly higher efficiency than FCUs before the recession but FCUs exhibit higher efficiency during the recession and post-recession periods.